What is Pediatrics? Pediatrics is a branch of medical science that concentrates on the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and management of all types of diseases in patients at a young age, namely infants and children to adolescents or young adults.
The maximum age for pediatric patients is between 18 and 21 years. This age is a transition period for patients entering adult health care.
Pediatrics or child specialists, not only focus on aspects of health support needed by children, but also understand the broad differences between health disorders in pediatric and adult patients. The most important thing in the focus of pediatrics is the physical development of pediatric patients. When a child’s body is originally small, then enters a developmental stage from year to year, the need for health support changes drastically, even in a relatively short time.
In addition, several other factors are also involved, such as in newborns, health care involves examining and treating congenital defects. While in toddlers, there is a developmental disorder which is a disease. Another unique discussion is that pediatrics provides guidance, education, and corrects mistakes by parents or guardians in caring for their children, thats what is pediatric are.
Branch of Pediatric – What is Pediatric
Pediatrics also takes into account specific factors and limitations by prioritizing safety and care for the child. Not only is he responsible for making a diagnosis and designing treatment, but also ensuring that treatment is age-appropriate and safe for immature patients.
As a broad field of science, pediatrics consists of several sub-disciplines, which are:
- Critical care
- Child Neurology
- Infectious diseases
- Emergency medicine
- Child psychiatry
- Rehabilitation medicine
- Child behavior development
- Allergy and immunology
- Social pediatrics
- Sports medicine
- Pediatric surgery
Doctors who study pediatrics and treat pediatric patients are called pediatric specialists. Pediatricians are doctors who have completed their undergraduate medical education.
Then continue with three years of specialist training in specialized areas, such as inpatient and outpatient care, as well as surgery and intensive or critical care. Pediatricians have a wide range of responsibilities, including:
- Provide general care to help maintain children’s health
- Provide preventive measures through regular checks
- Checking newborns and development in toddlers to detect health problems
- Monitor child development
- Diagnosing disease and designing treatment
- Arrange and supervise treatment
- Monitoring chronic disease
- Organizing immunizations
- Today, pediatricians generally practice in hospitals, whether in clinical, surgical, or emergency departments. However, it is not uncommon for them to open their own clinics, or practice in pediatric or family medicine centers, and children’s hospitals.
There is more than one difference between pediatric and adult medicine. Infants and children have smaller bodies that are substantially different physiologically from the bodies of adults. So, caring for children is not like caring for mini versions of adults.
Congenital defects, genetic variants, and developmental problems are of greater concern to pediatricians than doctors treating adults. In addition, there are several legal problems in the field of pediatrics.
As minors are not yet able to make decisions for themselves, so issues of guardianship, privacy, legal responsibility and informed consent must be considered in every pediatric procedure.
A pediatrician must first complete his studies at the medical school as a general practitioner. Then, he can become a general pediatrician by continuing his studies in the Specialist Medical Education Program in the field of pediatrics.
During this educational program, pediatricians are trained to treat infants, children, adolescents and young adults. Pediatricians can then also explore various more specific sciences or subspecialties.