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What is Eczema and Everything You Should Know

Have you experienced dry skin, rashes, scaly patches, and itchy skin that make you want to scratch your skin all the time? Those symptoms can lead you to a skin condition called Eczema. What is Eczema?

Eczema s a chronic inflammatory skin disease that produces dry, itchy skin, rashes, scaly patches, blisters, and skin infections. Eczema affects more than 31 million people in the United States. Eczema can strike at any age, from childhood to adolescence to maturity, and it can be moderate or severe.

Furthermore, Eczema can also strike newborn babies in the weeks and months following birth. Eczema in young children can cause dry, itchy skin, which can develop into blisters and skin infections if scratched excessively. Many eczema sufferers use the term ‘flare-up’ to describe a period of eczema in which they are suffering one or more severe symptoms.

What Should You Know About Eczema?

As mentioned before that Eczema is a range of skin disorders that lead to irritation and inflammation. Atopic eczema, often known as atopic dermatitis, is the most prevalent kind. The word atopic refers to a person’s proclivity for allergy diseases like asthma and hay fever.

Eczema affects approximately 10% up to 20% of infants and 3% of adults and children in the United States. By the time they become ten years old, most youngsters have outgrown it. Some people will experience symptoms on and off for the rest of their lives.

Although there is no cure, most patients can control their symptoms by seeking medical help and avoiding irritants. Eczema is not contagious; therefore, you cannot pass it on to someone else. So, make sure to know and understand what causes Eczema to prevent this condition earlier.

eczema
source https://emeraldcoasturgentcare.com/the-different-types-of-eczema-and-how-to-treat-them/

The Causes of Eczema

Eczema is a condition whose source is unknown. However, researchers believe that a hyperactive immune system is to blame. Eczema can be caused by a variety of reasons, including an interaction between your environment and your genes.

When an irritant or allergen from the outside or inside the body turns on the immune system, it causes inflammation on the skin’s surface, known as a flare-up. The symptoms of most kinds of Eczema are caused by this inflammation.

Furthermore, some people with Eczema do not produce enough of a protein called filaggrin, according to a study of filament aggregating protein. This protein is in charge of keeping your skin hydrated and healthy.

Some Symptoms of Eczema

Once you understand what is Eczema, you have also to know some symptoms of this skin condition to help you prevent this. The first and the most important thing you should know and remember is that everyone’s eczema and symptoms are unique. Every individual’s skincare program will have a varied effect on the skin’s affected areas.

Your Eczema may appear differently on you than it does on another adult or your child. Eczema can manifest itself in a variety of ways and in different parts of the body at different periods. Although the two disorders are not the same, some people confuse the symptoms of Psoriasis with those of Eczema.

Eczema can affect any part of the body, although it is most common on the arms, inner elbows, backs of the knees, cheeks, and scalp. It can get milder as you get older but as mentioned before, it is not contagious. Itchy skin is usually always a part of eczema and the itching might be modest to severe for many people.

Some other symptoms you may suffer when you have Eczema will include:

  • Sensitive dry skin
  • Discolored skin and inflamed
  • Itch
  • Crusting or oozing
  • Areas of swelling
  • Leathery or scaly skin
  • Appearing some patches

Many people find that their symptoms worsen at night, making sleeping difficult. Scratching Eczema causes the skin to become even more irritated and inflamed. This can lead to infections that require antibiotic treatment.

You can have all those Eczema symptoms or simply a few. Besides, you may experience occasional flare-ups or your symptoms just completely disappear. Eczema can be red in persons with lighter skin, but it can also be ashen, grey, darker brown, or purple in people with darker skin.

 Mild Eczema can sometimes be controlled at home by avoiding irritants and keeping the skin hydrated. When symptoms are difficult to control or are growing worse, it is advisable to see a doctor to have your further diagnosis.

How to Prevent Eczema

There are some ways you can do to prevent Eczema. The following suggestions will help you avoid dermatitis flare-ups and reduce the drying effects of bathing.

  1. At least twice a day, moisturize your skin by using ointments, creams, or lotions.
  2. Identify and avoid triggers that aggravate your disease.
  3. Baths and showers should be limited to 10 to 15 minutes and also, rather than hot water, use warm water.
  4. You already understand what is Eczema, and another thing you can prevent it according to the American Academy of Dermatology is taking a bleach bath.

Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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