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Understand Portion Rules and Meal Times for People with GERD


“GERD is a disease that is triggered by the flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus. One of the tips to prevent it is to manage the time and portion of meals, as well as sufficient nutritional intake for the body.

Understand Portion Rules and Meal Times for People with GERD

Halodoc, Jakarta – Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is more familiarly known as gastric acid disease. This condition occurs when the muscles at the bottom of the esophagus weaken and cause acid to rise from the stomach.

When this condition occurs, people with stomach acid will experience several signs, including heartburn, nausea, coughing and difficulty swallowing. In order to prevent the appearance of symptoms, sufferers are advised to adjust the portion and time of eating.

This step aims to reduce pressure on the muscles that lie between the esophagus and stomach. Also, it slows down the movement of food from the stomach to the intestines.

Meal Time for People with Gastric Acid

The rise of acid towards the esophagus is caused by stomach inflammation due to improper eating patterns. One of the conditions that trigger it is the schedule or frequency of meals in a day.

People with gastric acid should have breakfast before 9 a.m., have a heavy meal at 12 or 1 p.m. and close at 6 to 7 for dinner. The schedule is adjusted to the gastric emptying time of about 3 to 4 hours.

After breakfast or lunch time, sufferers can also eat healthy snacks with high fiber content, such as papaya or melon. This type of intake can make you feel full longer.

1. Vegetables and Fruits

The rise of stomach acid into the esophagus causes irritation and pain in the stomach. To prevent this, sufferers need to avoid consuming sour, spicy and caffeine-containing foods.

The types of fruit recommended are bananas, melons, apples and pears. While vegetables that are suitable for people with GERD, namely green beans, broccoli, asparagus, cauliflower, green vegetables, potatoes and cucumbers.

2. Consume Low-Fat Protein

Eating high-fat foods can slow stomach emptying and encourage increased stomach acid production. So, you should eat low-fat meats such as chicken, turkey and fish.

3. Oatmeals

Oatmeal contains complex carbohydrates or is high in fiber which can be used as an alternative to rice. Apart from oatmeal, sufferers can also eat whole wheat bread and brown rice.

Eating high-fiber foods can improve the function of the esophagus or the movement of the esophagus when passing food from the mouth to the stomach. These foods can also reduce the frequency of recurrence of symptoms.

4. Eat Healthy Fats

There are several types of foods that contain healthy fats, namely:

  • Olive oil, sesame oil, canola oil and sunflower oil.
  • Avocados, peanuts, nuts and seeds.
  • Foods from soybeans, such as milk, tempeh and tofu.
  • Fish that contain omega-3 fats, such as tilapia, snapper, milkfish, or tuna.

5. Ginger

Ginger contains high levels of antioxidants which can prevent damage to cells in the body due to exposure to free radicals. It also contains phenolic compounds which are effective in relieving digestive irritation, while reducing the frequency of stomach contractions.

That is, ginger can reduce inflammation in the stomach and reduce the production of acid which has the potential to flow from the stomach into the esophagus. The trick, add ginger to each meal.

If you experience symptoms of stomach acid that don’t get better, it is advisable to make an appointment at the hospital for an examination. Also get other information about a healthy lifestyle with mendownloads Halodoc right now.

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Reference:
Very Well Health. Retrieved 2022. What to Eat When You Have GERD.
About Gerd. Accessed 2022. Diet Changes for GERD.



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Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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