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These are 8 Types of Radiotherapy that Help Cure Cancer


“Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for cancer. There are different types of this action with different ways of handling it.”

These are 8 Types of Radiotherapy that Help Cure Cancer

Halodoc, Jakarta – Cancer is one of the diseases that is very dangerous and prone to cause death, so it needs to be treated as soon as possible. Treatment measures that can be selected to overcome the growth of cancer cells is radiotherapy.

It turns out that there are several types of radiotherapy actions to choose from. Each type uses different techniques from each other, so the benefits that can be obtained may also be different.

Several Types of Radiotherapy are Effective in Overcoming Cancer

Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses a certain beam of energy, then it is directed to the part of the body where the cancer cells grow. This action can damage cells by destroying the genetic material in growing cancer cells, while minimizing the destruction of healthy cells.

There are several types of radiotherapy options that can be done to treat cancer, namely:

1. Internal radiation therapy

This procedure uses a radioactive source in or near the cancer site. Some common types of this cancer treatment method, namely:

This method involves inserting radioactive material into the body. A small object containing radioactive iodine is placed at the tumor site with a needle or catheter. This procedure is usually performed as an outpatient procedure.

Brachytherapy is a type of radiotherapy that is effective in treating several problems, such as prostate, cervical, endometrial, vaginal, and breast cancer.

  • Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS)

This radiotherapy procedure uses dozens of tiny beams of radiation to target abnormal cells in the body. SRS can be done to treat cancer that has spread, especially in the brain.

Generally, this method is used to treat cancer that has spread to the brain or head or neck area, malignant gliomas, acoustic neuromas, and meningiomas. Therefore, someone who has cancer in the head area can undergo this treatment to get better faster.

2. External radiation therapy

This method is done through delivery with a special machine that is directly directed to the location of the cancer. Several types of therapy, such as:

This method uses protons to deliver radiation directly to the tumor area. This light can adjust the shape and depth of the tumor, so it can protect healthy cells from spreading cancer.

Some of the cancers that can be treated with radiotherapy include prostate, lung, liver, esophagus, brain, and various other rare tumors. Of course the doctor can determine the appropriate treatment to do.

This procedure is used to track the tumor on a soft tissue basis when the procedure is performed. During treatment, the MRI continues to obtain images of tissues in the body, while also providing radiation beams.

This method has the ability to adjust radiation delivery according to needs. Doctors most likely choose this procedure to treat certain types of soft tissue cancer, such as head and neck cancer and gastrointestinal cancer.

Several other types of radiotherapy, including:

  • 3D conformal radiation therapyeffective against brain, liver, lung, and prostate cancers.
  • Image Guided Radiation Therapyoften used to treat cancer of the lung, liver, pancreas, to the prostate gland.
  • Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapyis selected when the tumor is adjacent to the surrounding normal organs.
  • Volumetric modulated arc therapyto treat solid tumor types, such as prostate, liver, and pancreatic cancer.

Those are some types of radiotherapy that are effective in curing cancer. Doctors can determine the best course of action depending on the severity, position and type of cancer experienced, to the person’s health level.

If you have any other questions regarding effective cancer treatment, the ask a doctor and medical appointments feature from Halodoc can be used to get answers directly from experts.

Enough with downloads application Halodocall facilities in accessing health can be obtained through smartphones in hand. Come on downloads application Halodoc right now!

Reference:
Mayo Clinic. Accessed 2023. Radiation therapy.
MD Anderson Cancer Center. Retrieved 2023. What are the types of radiation therapy used for cancer treatment?



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Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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