Personality Disorder with Angry Outbursts

“Anger, disappointment, sadness, fear, and disgust are normal emotions that occur in every human being. However, of course you also have to know how to control your emotions so you don’t harm yourself and others.”

Halodoc, Jakarta – Emotions are often interpreted as something that has a negative meaning. Because, you may be used to seeing someone show their emotions when they are angry, sad, or disappointed. However, did you know that emotions are more than just negative feelings?

In relation to psychology or psychology, emotion is a pattern of reactions that are complex and involve various aspects, ranging from physiology, behavior, and experience used to solve a problem. More simply, emotion is a form of response to the events that you experience.

How Emotions Work

So how do emotions work? In the brain, there are many systems with their respective tasks. One of them is the limbic system, which is responsible for regulating one’s memory, behavior, and emotions. This system has several parts with different functions, including the amygdala, hippocampus, and hypothalamus.

When you experience an event, the limbic system will send impulses to the 3 parts of the brain earlier. These impulses will go through a number of processes and make you react spontaneously.

For example, you immediately run away when you hear a strange sound at night. In addition, the limbic system can also affect the body’s or physiological responses, for example the heart becomes pounding, cold sweat appears, goosebumps, and skin that turns pale.

Emotional Type

A psychiatrist Paul Ekman identified 6 basic types of emotions that appear in humans naturally. These types are happy, sad, disgusted, scared, surprised, and angry.

Of all the different types of emotions, happiness tends to be the one that a person strives for the most. Happiness has a meaning as a pleasant emotional state that arises with the characteristics of feeling satisfied, happy, happy, and prosperous.

You can see the characteristics of this emotion when people laugh, smile, show relaxed body gestures, and have a cheerful and pleasant tone of voice.

Sadness is another type of emotion that has the meaning of being a temporary emotional state. This type often appears disappointed, sad, hopeless, disinterested, and depressed mood.

Like any other emotion, grief is something that happens to everyone from time to time. In some cases, a person can experience periods of prolonged and severe sadness that can turn into depression. Grief can be expressed in various ways, including:

  • Cry.
  • Bad mood.
  • Lethargy.
  • Become more reserved
  • Withdraw from others.

The type and severity of grief can vary depending on the root cause, and the way people deal with those feelings can also vary.

Fear is a strong type of emotion and can play an important role in survival. When faced with danger and feeling frightened, you experience what has become popular as the fight or flight response.

Muscles tense, heart and breathing rates increase, and the mind becomes more alert. Everything prepares the body to run from danger or stand up and fight. Expressions of this type of emotion can include:

  • Facial expressions such as widening the eyes and pulling the chin back.
  • Physiological reactions in the form of rapid breathing and increased heart rate.
  • Body language indicates a readiness to run as soon as possible or hide from a threat.

Of course, not everyone experiences fear in the same way. Some people may be more sensitive to fear and certain situations or objects are more likely to trigger this emotion.

For example, people with social anxiety disorder are caused by social situations. Through articles 5 Natural Characteristics of Social Anxiety Disorder, You can find out the characteristics of someone who has this psychiatric disorder, not only shyness when interacting with other people.

Then, the emotion that shows disgust towards something. It can be a condition or a person. This can appear in a number of ways, including:

  • Body language that shows reluctance and immediately looks away from the object that was the trigger.
  • Physical reaction in the form of vomiting.
  • Facial expressions such as curling the upper lip and puckering the nose.

Disgust can come from a number of things, including an unpleasant taste, sight, or smell. Researchers believe that this emotion develops as a reaction to food that may be harmful or fatal. When people smell or taste food that doesn’t taste good, disgust is a typical reaction.

Poor hygiene, infection, blood, decay, and death can also trigger the disgust response. This may be the body’s way of avoiding things that might carry infectious diseases.

The startle is usually quite brief and occurs with a physiological startle response after something unexpected. This type of emotion can be positive, negative, or neutral. An unpleasant surprise, for example, might involve someone jumping from behind a tree and scaring them while walking at night.

An example of a pleasant surprise is when you arrive home and find that your family has gathered to celebrate your birthday. Surprise is often characterized by:

  • Facial expressions such as raising eyebrows, widening eyes and opening mouth.
  • The physical response is jumping backwards.
  • Verbal reaction of screaming, screaming, or gasping.

In addition, being surprised can also be another type of emotion that can trigger a fight or flight response. When startled, a person may experience a burst of adrenaline which helps prepare the body to fight or flee.

Anger can be a very strong emotion characterized by feelings of hostility, agitation, frustration and antagonism towards other people. Like fear, anger can play a role in the body’s fight or flight response.

When a threat creates feelings of anger, you may tend to fend off danger and protect yourself. Anger is often shown through:

  • Facial expressions such as frowning or glaring.
  • Body language takes a strong stance or looks away.
  • Harsh or shouting tone of voice.
  • Physiological response, can be in the form of sweating or blushing on the face.
  • Aggressive behavior, such as hitting, kicking, or throwing objects

While anger is often thought of as a negative emotion, sometimes it can be a good thing. This is because anger can be constructive in helping clarify needs in a relationship, and can be a motivation to take action and find solutions to things that are bothering you.

However, anger can be a problem if it is excessive or expressed in a way that is unhealthy, harmful, or harmful to others. Uncontrolled anger can quickly turn into aggression, abuse or violence. Usually, this occurs due to lack of sleep, stress and depression, and certain medical conditions.

You need to know that anger can have mental and physical consequences. Uncontrolled anger can make it difficult to make rational decisions and can even affect physical health.

Get to know Anger Explosion Disorder

Excessive anger can be a sign of a personality disorder, namely Angry Explosion Disorder or Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IEDs). People with IED tend to get angry easily over “trivial” issues and show it in excessive ways.

For example, slamming things around him, swearing, and screaming just to express the anger he feels. The cause of IED is thought to originate from an abnormal brain mechanism to regulate the production of serotonin (the happy hormone) and cortisol (the stress hormone), thereby affecting the emotional level of the sufferer.

Meanwhile, several other factors that are thought to be the cause of IED are genetic factors, environmental factors and the habit of harboring anger. IED itself is included in the group of impulse control disorders. You can read articles Not Being Able To Control Anger Can Be An Impulse Disorder to find out what other types of impulse control disorders make a person prone to feeling angry.

How to Control Emotions

You certainly need to control negative emotions, so they don’t cause harm to yourself and others. You can try it by doing the following methods.

  • Always think and be positive

You can’t possibly prevent a bad situation from coming. However, you can change your mindset and point of view to see this condition as a good thing. So, addressing a negative thing doesn’t have to be a negative attitude either.

Instead, calm yourself by taking a breath and pausing. Think that you can give a more positive response to make things not worse.

In addition, as much as possible, avoid all things that can trigger yourself to feel negative emotions. For example, you get angry easily if you don’t get enough sleep or eat late. You can overcome this by getting used to sleeping on time and eating regularly.

  • Do fun activities

All negative things can become more positive if you don’t get caught up in those emotions. Try doing a variety of fun activities, such as reading books, gardening, cooking, shopping, learning new things, or just drinking coffee at your favorite place while listening to music.

You need to know that maintaining mental health is just as important as ensuring that you are physically in a man’s condition. The reason is, these two things are related to one another. If you are experiencing emotional disturbances, you should avoid overeating, because this can trigger various health problems.

Verywell Mind. Retrieved 2023. The 6 Types of Basic Emotions and Their Effect on Human Behavior.
PsychologyToday. Retrieved 2023. 5 Ways to Get Your Unwanted Emotions Under Control.
PsychCentral. Retrieved 2023. Controlling Emotions: Is It Possible?
Updated on March 17, 2023”>Source link

Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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