“There are several factors that can cause menopause to occur in your 20s. Starting from family history, surgical removal of the uterus, certain viral infections, to autoimmune disorders.”
Halodoc, Jakarta – Menopause generally occurs in the late 40s or early 50s, but this condition can be different for each individual. The trigger can be due to genetic, environmental, emotional, or certain diseases. Symptoms of menopause can also be different from one woman to another, some feel it hot flashes something is not.
Although the age range for a woman experiencing menopause is in her late 40s or early 50s, several conditions can cause menopause to occur earlier, namely in her 20s. Read more here, why menopause can occur in your 20s!
Causes of Menopause in Your 20s
Menopause that occurs in your 20s is called early menopause. Early menopause, also known as primary ovarian insufficiency, occurs when the ovaries stop producing estrogen. Some conditions that can be a factor in causing menopause in your 20s are as follows:
1. Family history of early menopause
If family members have experienced the same thing, there’s a good chance you will too. Talking to family members who have also experienced menopause in their 20s will help you find the right treatment based on the experiences of people who have also experienced it.
2. Smoking in their teens
Smoking has also been linked to menopause in your 20s. Cigarette smoke can affect the quality of the reproductive organs. That is why smoking and cigarette smoke can be a risk factor for someone to experience menstrual disorders, one of which is early menopause.
3. Ovarian surgery
Pelvic surgery or removal of the ovaries is sometimes a cause of menopause in your 20s. This surgery may be needed because of cancer or other health conditions, such as severe endometriosis. Symptoms of menopause caused by ovarian surgery can be more severe than those of menopause that occurs naturally.
4. Exposure to chemicals
People undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy to treat cancer have a higher risk of experiencing early menopause. The effects of radiation can result in a decrease in estrogen. Gamma rays are ionizing radiation that can cause cell damage, due to free radicals produced when radiation interacts with cells.
The level of cell damage can be minimized with antioxidants. One of the antioxidants that can be used is isoflavones from soy milk. That is why people undergoing radiation therapy are recommended to consume soy milk.
5. Viral infection
Certain viruses can cause menopause in your 20s. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), mumps, cytomegalovirus, tuberculosis, malaria, and other viruses have a risk of causing changes in ovarian dynamics, thus triggering early menopause.
6. Autoimmune disorders
Autoimmune disorders can sometimes damage the ovaries, causing premature menopause. Some of the conditions associated with early menopause include:
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Crohn’s disease.
- Myasthenia Gravis.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus.
- Multiple sclerosis.
7. Genetic factors
Genetic factors may contribute to primary ovarian insufficiency and early menopause. Most of them are genes that influence how the ovaries develop and function, how cells divide, or how deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is repaired in the body. Turner syndrome and fragile X syndrome are genetic conditions that can cause early menopause.
Health Risks of Menopause in Your 20s
Menopause in your 20s is not a natural condition, because it can cause other health risks. There are several other health problems that accompany this early menopause, namely:
1. Heart disease
Lower levels of estrogen can cause blood vessels to narrow, thereby increasing the risk of heart disease.
2. Mental health problems
Hormonal changes as a result of early menopause can also cause some significant emotional changes. Anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem can be common.
3. Eye health problems
Women who experience early menopause are more at risk of experiencing eye health problems. This is due to hormone fluctuations that trigger dry eyes, cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. When estrogen levels decrease, the cornea doesn’t get as much estrogen and so the cornea can stiffen which can affect the way light enters the eye.
Early menopause can cause the hormones produced by the thyroid gland to decrease, resulting in changes in metabolism and energy levels.
Lower levels of estrogen can sometimes weaken bones making them more susceptible to fractures.
Complete information about the causes of menopause in your 20s and the health problems caused by these conditions, can be obtained by downloads application Halodoc. Past Halodocyou can also meet the needs of vitamins and supplements without having to leave the house.
Natural B Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences. Retrieved 2022. Radiation Effects on Decreased Estrogen with Isoflavone Consumption to Prevent Early Menopause in Radiation Therapy.
Healthline. Retrieved 2022. What to Know About Menopause in Your 20s.
Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved 2022. Premature and Early Menopause.
The Irish Times. Retrieved 2022. When menopause arrives in your 20s.
Better Health Channel. Retrieved 2022. Premature and early menopause.
National Institute on Aging. Retrieved 2022. What Is Menopause?