“When someone is physically healthy, they feel better and are healthier. Plus, the earlier a child starts practicing fitness, the more they will be protected from the risk of various diseases.”
Halodoc, Jakarta – Children who are physically active are healthy children. This is because physical activity or exercise helps strengthen children’s muscles and bones, prevents excessive weight gain, and reduces the risk of diabetes, cancer and other conditions. Not only physical, the benefits of exercise also include children’s mental health.
Physical activity allows children to have a better outlook on life. These activities will help them build self-confidence, manage anxiety and depression, and improve self-esteem and cognitive skills. Not only that, exercise also helps release endorphins which correlate with happy children.
Various Benefits of Exercise for Toddlers and Children
Exercise doesn’t have to be by going to the gym like adults do. For children, sports are enough to play and be physically active. For example, mothers invite them to dance while listening to music, practice kicking and throwing a ball, practice moving objects, and many more.
This activity will provide benefits for the growth and development of toddlers and children, including:
1. Healthy heart
The heart is an organ composed of muscles. Like other muscles, heart performance will increase when given regular stimulation through exercise. Strengthening the heart muscle can help protect this important organ from serious health problems, even at a young age.
2. Optimizing the work of the lung organs
Another benefit of exercise is that it helps increase lung capacity and efficiency in moving air in and out of the body. This will cause more oxygen to be drawn into the body and more carbon dioxide and other waste gases to be released.
In addition, accustoming children to being physically active on a regular basis helps prevent decreased oxygen intake. This is a condition that occurs naturally with age or as a result of the body being less active.
3. Control weight
When someone is sedentary, in this case including toddlers and children, they tend to consume more calories than needed. These unused calories will later accumulate as fat.
Conversely, toddlers and children who are physically active will experience reduced calories that lose fat and lose weight. Ideal body weight is very good for the heart and protects against the risk of obesity and early diabetes in toddlers and children.
4. Strengthens bones
Mothers need to know that adults start to lose bone mass in their 20s. However, those who exercise regularly, even get used to being physically active from an early age will have better bone density. The benefits of this one sport can help prevent osteoporosis, a condition when bones lose density, weaken, become porous and brittle.
5. Supports emotional health
Exercise, according to one theory, releases beta-endorphins, a naturally occurring substance in the body that is hundreds of times more potent than morphine. A study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Mention, serotonin or mood-regulating chemicals produced by the body will increase during exercise.
These compounds can increase the energy and strength of nerve cells, which helps ward off neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease. Increased levels of serotonin in the central nervous system have also been linked to feelings of well-being, increased appetite and decreased mental depression.
Through this study, it can be proven that the benefits of exercise are not limited to physical health, but also support the mental health of toddlers, children, adolescents, adults, and even the elderly.
Mothers can also ask the pediatrician at Halodoc related to the benefits of exercise for toddlers and children, regarding health, or the growth and development of the baby. Check and downloads Halodoc through the App Store or Play Store.
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The Print. Retrieved 2022. ‘Happy chemicals’ released by our body when we exercise key to treating Alzheimer’s: Study.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Accessed 2022. Serotonin regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and functions in rodent cortical neurons via the 5-HT2A receptor and SIRT1-PGC-1α axis.
Healthline. Accessed 2022. Exercise Benefits Children Physically and Mentally.