“How to deal with asthma at night is basically the same as how to deal with regular asthma. In addition to using asthma medication, reducing or overcoming the triggering factors is also important so that asthma does not recur at night.”
Hellodoc, Jakarta – Experiencing asthma at night is certainly not good and can interfere with sleep. However, in fact the symptoms of the disease often worsen at night. Asthma that recurs at night is called nocturnal asthma.
A study in Journal of Asthma involving about 14,000 people with asthma found that 60 percent of those with chronic asthma experienced asthma symptoms at night.
Asthma symptoms, such as shortness of breath, chest tightness, coughing and wheezing at night can make it difficult to sleep. As a result, the sufferer will wake up feeling tired in the morning and irritable.
So, how to deal with asthma at night?
How to Overcome Asthma at Night
People with asthma are at risk for worsening symptoms at night. The reason why nocturnal asthma occurs is still not known with certainty. However, there are various things that can trigger it, such as exposure to allergens in bed (dust, mites), cold room temperature, lying position while sleeping, illness. gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and others.
Although all people with asthma can experience asthma symptoms at night, people who are overweight (obese), allergic rhinitis, smoke, have digestive problems, and mental health problems are at a higher risk of developing it.
How to deal with asthma at night is basically the same as how to deal with asthma in general. Here are some ways you can do to deal with asthma symptoms that recur at night:
1. Use asthma medication
There is no specific drug to treat nighttime asthma. However, daily asthma medications, such as inhaled steroids, are very effective at reducing inflammation and preventing symptoms from recurring at night. Because nocturnal asthma can occur at any time during sleep, so use asthma medications that can work for a long time.
Long-acting bronchodilators given in inhaler Asthma can be effective in preventing bronchospasm and asthma symptoms. Another way to deal with nighttime asthma is to use long-acting inhaled corticosteroids.
2. Keep the bedroom clean and comfortable
If allergens such as dust mites are contributing to your asthma symptoms at night, an effective way to deal with them is to wash your sheets, blankets and blankets. bed cover regularly.
Wash sheets in hot water whenever possible, as this will help kill dust mites. In addition, keep the room temperature is not too cold. Make sure your windows are also well closed so that cold winds don’t enter. Using a humidifier to add humidity to the air in the bedroom can also help with asthma at night.
3. Treat GERD
If you have asthma as well as GERD, ask your doctor about medications to reduce stomach acid production. In addition, you also need to avoid foods that are high in saturated fat, such as fatty meats, fried foods, whole milk, and chocolate.
Caffeinated beverages such as coffee or tea, spicy foods, sour orange juice, and soft drinks can also irritate the esophagus. So, you should limit or avoid these drinks altogether.
4. Apply a healthy lifestyle
Obesity is one of the factors that can contribute to the recurrence of asthma at night. Therefore, it is important to gain a healthy weight by maintaining a balanced diet, exercising regularly, increasing fiber consumption, and avoiding fatty and oily foods.
In addition, another way to deal with asthma at night that is no less important is to stop smoking. If you are stressed, try to find effective ways to deal with it, such as meditation, relaxing while listening to music, and so on. If necessary, visit a psychologist to talk and get treatment.
Those are some ways to deal with asthma at night. You can also contact the doctor through the application Hellodoc to ask more about tips for overcoming asthma.
Through Video/Voice Call and Chat, you can ask a doctor and ask for health advice anytime and anywhere. Come on, download application Hellodoc now also on the Apps Store and Google Play.
Healthline. Accessed 2022. What You Should Know About Nocturnal Asthma.
WebMD. Accessed 2022. Nocturnal Asthma (Nighttime Asthma)