“Polycystic ovary syndrome (Polycystic ovary syndrome) or PCOS occurs due to imbalanced female reproductive hormones. This health disorder is divided into four types, namely insulin resistance, adrenal, post-pill, and inflammation.”
A study in PLOS Medicine says, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is not a disease. Rather, it is a set of symptoms (androgen excess and anovulatory cycles) caused by some underlying factor.
Recognize PCOS Type
In order to overcome the PCOS you are experiencing, you need to find out the root cause. Apparently, not many people know that PCOS itself is divided into four types. Here’s the full review.
- Insulin Resistance PCOS
As noted in the journal Fertility and Sterility, insulin resistance PCOS is the most common type of PCOS affecting about 70 percent of people with PCOS.
Insulin resistance itself is basically a condition when the insulin level in the body becomes higher than normal, which is also known as hyperinsulinemia.
PCOS occurs when the body’s cells become immune and numb to the effects of insulin. As a result, the pancreas has to pump more insulin, so that the cells in the body can receive messages and take blood glucose.
Symptoms of insulin resistance PCOS are having a high desire to eat sweet foods, and having fat accumulation in the abdominal area.
To help treat insulin-resistant PCOS, the key is to increase insulin sensitivity. This can be done in the following way:
- Exercise regularly and make sure to keep moving to help burn sugar, build muscle, and increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin.
- Avoid high-sugar foods and follow a low-carb diet to balance blood sugar levels.
In addition, prioritizing sleep and reducing stress can also help manage blood sugar and insulin levels in the body.
- PCOS Post Pill
This type of PCOS occurs in some women who stop taking oral contraceptive pills, which are synthetic progestins. Symptoms that appear usually include the appearance of acne, irregular menstrual cycles, and excessive hair growth.
After you stop taking oral contraceptives, your uterus tends to experience a natural surge in androgens, which can trigger the typical symptoms of PCOS. However, in this type there is no insulin resistance.
Usually, this condition appears in women after 3-6 months of stopping taking oral birth control pills. This type of PCOS takes time to heal on its own. However, it can be overcome more quickly with proper daily nutritional intake, healthy lifestyle changes, and the consumption of certain supplements.
In addition, as with insulin resistance PCOS, it is important to get good quality sleep and reduce stress. The goal is to support overall hormonal balance.
- PCOS Adrenal
Adrenal PCOS is caused by an abnormal stress response and affects about 10 percent of women. This type of PCOS usually occurs during periods of great stress. Marked indicators are high cortisol and DHEA levels.
Usually DHEA-S (another type of androgen from the adrenal glands), will increase on its own, and high levels of testosterone and androstene don’t show up as much. Unfortunately, this type of androgen is not often tested, unless it is checked by an endocrinologist.
The treatments that can be done to relieve the condition of adrenal PCOS include:
- Stress management. Reducing stress levels through activities such as yoga, meditation, mindfulness exercises, and journaling will help support the nervous system and calm hormones.
- Get enough sleep every night. Try to get at least 8 hours of sleep every night to relieve stress.
- Avoid high-intensity exercise. Limit high-intensity and excessive exercise as this can put additional stress on the adrenals.
- Increase fluid intake. Avoid caffeine consumption from coffee, tea, and soft drinks. increase your water intake.
In addition, taking supplements containing magnesium, vitamin B5, and vitamin C is also important for supporting the adrenal glands and nervous system.
- Inflammatory PCOS
This type of PCOS occurs because chronic inflammation causes the ovaries to produce more testosterone. As a result, triggers the appearance of a series of physical symptoms and problems with the ovulation process.
When experiencing it, you will feel symptoms such as joint pain, headaches, unexplained tiredness, problems with the skin, and digestive tract.
Blood tests will usually look for increased inflammation, such as a high CRP (C reactive protein) above 5. Other tests such as fasting glucose and insulin are within the normal range, but can sometimes be affected because of the inflammation. This type of PCOS can be overcome in the following ways:
- Maintain intestinal health. Repairing leaky gut tissue, balancing gut bacteria, improving digestive function, and eliminating pathogenic bacteria are important steps to reduce overall inflammation.
- Avoid trigger foods. Unfortunately, this can be difficult to do, so you need help from a nutritionist.
That’s the type of PCOS that is still rarely known. If you experience this, don’t hesitate to ask your doctor for help.