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Functions of the Esophagus in the Human Digestive System


“There are various functions of the esophagus in the human digestive system. One of them is to push food and fluids into the stomach.”

Functions of the Esophagus in the Human Digestive System

Hellodoc, Jakarta – The esophagus or also known as the esophagus is one part of the human digestive system. The function of the esophagus is very important and this part has a tube-like shape that has muscles in it. When the muscles in the esophagus are properly maintained, this condition allows the esophagus to function optimally.

Unfortunately, this part is also susceptible to various diseases that can cause health problems. For this reason, it is important to know every symptom that is a sign of a disorder so that this condition can be treated immediately. That way, the function of the esophagus in your digestive system is not disturbed.

This is the function of the esophagus

The esophagus is in the middle of the chest cavity and has two sphincters that control the valves of the esophagus to open and close. In general, the function of the esophagus is to push food and liquids into the stomach or stomach

This happens because of the movements in the esophageal muscles that create peristaltic movements so that food can reach the stomach. After that, the food or liquid will be further processed in the digestive system.

When you vomit, this movement will reverse so that the food or liquid in the stomach goes to the mouth to be expelled. Of course the esophagus is different from the throat. The throat makes the mouth connect with the lungs so that it enters the respiratory system.

In addition, the valve at the end of the esophagus serves to prevent liquids from the stomach from rising to the top. Those are some of the functions of the esophagus that you need to know well.

Diseases that are Vulnerable to Occurrence in the Esophagus

Similar to other organs of the body, the esophagus is also at risk for various diseases. It is better to be vigilant and maintain the health of the esophagus to avoid various diseases, such as:

An obstruction at the end of the esophageal valve can trigger fluid from the stomach back up and then cause GERD. This condition causes sufferers to experience a burning sensation in the chest to bad breath.

Esophagitis occurs when the lining of the esophagus or esophagus becomes inflamed. This condition can occur due to GERD, allergic reactions, excessive consumption of fatty foods, or infections that attack the esophagus.

This condition occurs due to impaired muscle movement or peristalsis in the esophagus. This disorder can be experienced as a coordinated spasm of the esophagus that causes the sufferer to have difficulty swallowing.

This type of cancer is at risk for people who have a habit of smoking and consuming alcohol.

This condition occurs when the veins in the esophagus experience dilation which can trigger various health problems.

Characteristics of Disorders of the Esophagus

Of course the symptoms that will be experienced by someone with an esophageal disorder are very diverse and adapted to the underlying condition. However, there are some main symptoms to watch out for, such as:

This condition is described by the appearance of a burning sensation in the chest. If your heartburn doesn’t improve even though you’ve done treatment at home, you should immediately get an examination.

Dysphagia is a condition of difficulty swallowing. People with dysphagia will find it difficult to transfer food or fluids from the mouth to the stomach.

This condition is defined as pain when swallowing. It is usually described as a sharp pain behind the breastbone.

Those are the various symptoms to watch out for from disorders of the esophagus. Immediately ask the doctor directly using Hellodoc when you experience health complaints related to the esophagus. The method download application Hellodoc via the App Store or Google Play.

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Reference:
Cleveland Clinic. Accessed 2022. Esophagus.
Very Well Health. Accessed 2022. The Structure, Function, and Conditions of the Esophagus.



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Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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