“Salmonella infection is caused by food and drink that has been contaminated with this bacterium. Generally, the source of infection comes from raw food or unpasteurized drinks.”
HellodocJakarta – Salmonella infection or salmonellosis is a disease caused by infection with the bacterium Salmonella. These bacteria generally live in the intestines of animals and humans which are then excreted through the feces (feces).
Transmission is most often through contaminated water and food. Eating raw fish, for example. Raw food is susceptible to bacterial contamination if it is harvested from dirty water. That’s why, wash foodstuffs thoroughly and cook until cooked to ensure the bacteria is gone or completely dead.
Beware of the Causes of Salmonella Infection
In addition to raw fish, foods and water at risk for salmonella infection include:
- Raw meat, poultry and seafood. Dirt can get into raw meat and poultry during the slaughtering process.
- Raw or undercooked eggs. Although egg shells can prevent contamination, some chickens that are already infected with the bacteria produce eggs that contain salmonella. In fact, from before the shell was formed.
- Unpasteurized dairy products. The pasteurization process kills harmful bacteria, including salmonella.
- Fruits and vegetables. Some fresh produce, especially imported varieties, can be washed in salmonella-contaminated water. Contamination can also occur in the kitchen, when raw meat and poultry come into contact with fruit or vegetables.
- Food not handled well. Many foods become contaminated when prepared by people who do not wash their hands thoroughly after using the toilet.
Recognize the Symptoms of Salmonella Infection
Symptoms of salmonella infection generally appear after six hours to six days after a person is exposed. Often people who are infected think that they have the flu because the symptoms are similar. So, here are the symptoms to watch out for:
- Stomach cramps.
- Blood in the stool.
Signs and symptoms of salmonella infection generally last from a few days to a week. Of the list of signs above, diarrhea is the most typical symptom and this condition can even last up to 10 days.
Therefore, the sufferer needs to drink lots of fluids such as water or special oral rehydration drinks to prevent dehydration. In addition to drinking water, if the sufferer goes to the doctor, they will prescribe antibiotics.
Salmonella Infection Prevention Steps
Several efforts can be made to prevent salmonella infection, including:
- Avoid eating raw or undercooked eggs or meat.
- Try not to drink unpasteurized milk or juice.
- Wash poultry, red meat or eggs before cooking.
- Raw fruits and vegetables must also be washed thoroughly.
- Avoid preparing food for others if you have vomiting or diarrhea.
- Wash hands thoroughly with soap and running water before and after handling food.
- Keep kitchen surfaces clean before preparing food on them.
- Do not mix cooked food with raw food or use the same equipment to prepare it. For example, don’t use the same knife to cut raw chicken and then slice mushrooms. Use a different plate or cutting board to slice them.
- Cook the meat to the correct minimum temperature. You can use a food thermometer to be sure.
- Wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet, touching animals, toys, and pet bedding.
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Mayo Clinic. Accessed 2022. Salmonella infection
Johns Hopkins Medicine. Accessed 2022. Salmonella Infections
Cleveland Clinic. Accessed 2022. Salmonella
WebMD. Accessed 2022. Salmonella
Healthdirect. Accessed 2022. Salmonella