“When there is an earthquake, there are several things you need to do. One of them is not to panic and as soon as possible go to a safer place.”
Halodoc, Jakarta – Earthquakes can happen at any time, without warning. What’s more, Indonesia is included in the Ring of Fire area, or is traversed by the meeting point of three tectonic plates. Among them are the Indo-Australian plate, the Eurasian plate, and the Pacific plate.
This makes Indonesia a country prone to earthquakes. Therefore, it is important to know what things you need to do when an earthquake occurs. Let’s look at the following tips!
Things You Need to Do during an Earthquake
An earthquake is a natural disaster in the form of a sudden and rapid shaking of the earth. The cause is the shift of rock beneath the earth’s surface. Instead of panicking, here are things you can do when an earthquake occurs:
1. Protect Yourself with the Drop! cover! Hold On!
The general rule for saving yourself during an earthquake is Drop! cover! Hold On!that is:
- Drop! Drop your hands and knees to the ground or floor. This position protects you from falling, but allows you to keep moving if necessary.
- cover! Protect your head and neck (and the rest of your body if possible) under a sturdy desk or table.
- Hold On! Hold on to your shelter until the shaking stops. Be prepared to move from cover if the jolt displaces it.
2. If You’re Inside, Stay Inside
No need to panic run outside or to another room during an earthquake. To reduce the possibility of injury, take the following actions:
- Move away from mirrors, hanging objects, bookshelves, china cabinets, or other large furniture that could fall immediately. Also pay attention to falling objects.
- If available, take something to protect your head and face from falling debris and broken glass.
- If you are in the kitchen, immediately turn off the stove and take cover when there are signs of an impending earthquake.
- If you are in bed, hold it and stay there, protecting your head with a pillow.
3. Stay Inside the Building When Working
If during an earthquake you are in an office or high-rise building, stay inside. Also, stay away from windows and outside walls and look for a table to take cover from.
Don’t panic and run outside, but avoid using the elevator. The power may go out, and the sprinkler system may come on. If stuck, stay calm and tap the elevator body for help.
4. If You Are In A Crowded Place, Focus On Protecting Yourself
If you’re in a crowded place, focus on protecting yourself. However, do not rush towards the exit. Stay away from display shelves that contain items that might fall. Take cover and grab something to protect your head and face from falling debris and glass.
5. If You’re Outside, Find an Open Area
If you are outside during an earthquake, stay outside. Stay away from buildings, utility cables, manholes, and fuel and gas lines.
Go to an open area away from trees, telephone poles, and buildings. Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops.
The area near the outer wall of the building is the most dangerous place. Stay away from this danger zone.
6. Stop immediately if in a moving vehicle
If in a moving vehicle during an earthquake, stop as quickly and safely as possible. Move the vehicle to the shoulder or edge of the road, away from utility poles, overhead cables, and underpasses or overpasses.
Stay in the car and apply the handbrake. The car may rock violently, but it’s a good place to stay until the shaking stops.
7. If Unable to Duck for Cover, Stay in Place
If you use a wheelchair or can’t get out of bed, try to stay in place. If in a wheelchair, lock the wheels and remove anything that is not securely attached to the wheelchair.
Protect your head and neck with a large book, pillow or sleeve. The goal is to prevent injury from falls or from objects that may fall or be thrown at you.
If you can’t get out of bed or chair, protect yourself from falling objects by covering your head and body with blankets and pillows. However, if you’re outside, go to an open area away from trees, telephone poles, and buildings, and stay there.
Those are some things you need to do when an earthquake occurs. After the earthquake is over, stay alert for aftershocks. If you are injured by this natural disaster, go to the hospital immediately or downloads Halodoc to make a medical appointment with a doctor.
BPBD Bogor Regency. Accessed in 2022. 6 Ways to Save Yourself During an Earthquake Safely, No Need to Panic.
CDC. Retrieved 2022. Stay Safe During an Earthquake.
American Red Cross. Retrieved 2022. Earthquake Safety.