Complications That Can Occur Due to Orbital Cellulitis

“Orbital cellulitis refers to an eye infection that occurs in the muscles and fat around the eye socket. This condition needs immediate treatment, because it can get worse in just a matter of hours.”

Complications That Can Occur Due to Orbital Cellulitis

Halodoc, Jakarta – Orbita is an eye socket with a conical shape to the inside of the skull. This cavity contains the eyeball, nerves, muscles, lacrimal glands, blood vessels, and fatty tissue. Orbital cellulitis is an infection that occurs only in the fat and muscle tissue of the eye.

This health problem also has another name postseptal cellulitis in the medical world. Although it can occur at any age, orbital cellulitis is more prone to affect children, especially those who are less than 7 years old.

Why Does Orbital Cellulitis Occur?

Orbital cellulitis is more often due to bacteria. However, the cause can also come from fungi, mycobacteria, and polymicrobial.

Deep study Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research mention, the type of bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus to be the main cause of orbital cellulitis.

In rare cases, this health problem can also occur due to anaerobic bacteria that do not form spores. For example, Eikenella corrodens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Aeromonas hydrophila.

Meanwhile, some say that orbital cellulitis occurs due to a bacterial infection Haemophilus influenzae. When it affects children, this infection generally starts in the sinus area, then spreads to the eyes.

This is why, orbital cellulitis is more at high risk of attacking children. This is because the distance between the orbital cavity and sinus cavities in children tends to be closer than adults.

Beware of Possible Complications

Orbital cellulitis is an eye disorder that needs immediate treatment. This is because the condition can deteriorate very quickly. Without treatment or giving treatment that is too late can increase the risk of developing various more serious and dangerous complications, including:

  • Abscesses that occur in the eye and brain.
  • The visual nerve is damaged.
  • Inflammation of the lining of the brain or meningitis.
  • Infection of the blood or septicemia.
  • Blood clots that occur in the cavity of the base of the brain.
  • Loss of the ability to see and hear.

Infections that affect children can also cause children to experience permanent loss of vision or blindness.

Orbital Cellulitis Treatment Options

Most conditions of orbital cellulitis require intensive care in hospital. Because this infection is quite dangerous. However, if the sufferer gets proper treatment, this health disorder can be cured. Meanwhile, the treatment options are:

  1. Drug

If the disease occurs due to a bacterial infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics through a vein or intravenously. Usually, broad-spectrum antibiotics are effective enough to treat this problem.

During treatment with antibiotics, doctors also continue to monitor and monitor to anticipate if there is a worsening or negative response to the drug.

  1. Operation

Surgery is another treatment option for orbital cellulitis, especially when the infection has spread to other parts of the head or the patient has not responded positively to treatment. Doctors may need to perform surgery if:

  • Your symptoms worsen or you have vision problems while you are being treated with antibiotics.
  • An abscess appears in the brain or eye socket.
  • There is a foreign object stuck in the eye area.
  • Appearance of mycobacterial infection or fungal infection.

This type of surgery to treat this health problem can involve drainage or removing fluid from the abscess, taking a sample for further examination, or removing a foreign body.

So, don’t ignore it if you feel any unusual symptoms in your eyes. Check directly at the nearest clinic or health service, use the Medical Appointment Service Halodoc to make it easier for you to get the right service. Downloads Halodoc now so that you can get easy access to health.

Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research. Retrieved 2023. Common Orbital Infections ~ State of the Art ~ Part I.
MedicalNewsToday. Retrieved 2023. What is Orbital Cellulitis?
Healthline. Retrieved 2023. What to Know About Orbital Cellulitis.”>Source link

Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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