“The main cause of orbital cellulitis is infection with Streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. In addition, several factors can also increase the risk.
Halodoc, Jakarta – Orbital cellulitis is an infection of the soft tissue and fat that holds the eye in its socket. This infection causes painful symptoms and discomfort that can hinder the sufferer’s activities.
This condition is not contagious and most commonly affects children. Orbital cellulitis is a condition which, if left untreated, can lead to blindness as one of its complications. Meanwhile, infection is caused by a number of factors.
Causes of Orbital Cellulitis to Watch Out for
The main and most common cause of orbital cellulitis is infection with bacterial species Streptococcus and Staphylococcus Aureus. However, other than bacteria and other fungi can also be the cause of this condition.
Orbital cellulitis in children under the age of 9 is usually caused by only one type of bacteria. However, in children over 10 years of age and adults, this infection can be caused by several types of bacteria simultaneously making it more difficult to treat.
Most cases of orbital cellulitis begin as an untreated bacterial sinus infection that spreads behind the orbital septum. The orbital septum is a thin, fibrous membrane that covers the front of the eye.
This condition can also be spread from a dental infection or a bacterial infection that occurs anywhere in the body that enters the bloodstream. Wounds, insect bites and animal bites that occur in or near the eyes can also be the cause.
There are factors that can also increase the risk
Some of the following factors can also increase a person’s risk of developing cellulitis, including:
- Injury. Any cut or scratch on eye cellulite can provide a point or opening for bacteria to enter.
- certain conditions. Sinus infections, experiencing insect bites, and undergoing surgery in the dental area can also increase the risk of bacteria entering.
- Use of certain drugs. Certain drugs such as chemotherapy drugs can also weaken the immune system.
- skin conditions. Conditions such as atopic dermatitis (eczema), athlete’s foot, and shingles can cause damage to the skin, which is a site for bacteria to enter.
- Have a history of cellulitis. Having had cellulitis before increases your risk of getting it again.
- Overweight. Being overweight or obese can also increase your risk of developing cellulitis in general.
Be aware of the risk of complications
Early diagnosis and treatment of orbital cellulitis is very important to prevent serious complications. Because, there are a number of possible complications that can occur from orbital cellulitis including:
- Loss of vision or blindness.
- Risk of hearing loss.
- Blood infection, or sepsis.
- Meningitis or inflammation of the membranes that line the brain and spinal cord.
- Cavernous sinus thrombosis or formation of a blood clot at the base of the brain.
- Intracranial abscess or accumulation of pus inside the skull.
Young children may experience more severe symptoms. What’s more, they have a higher risk of complications due to their suboptimal immune system. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is important. For treatment, the following are options that can be made:
- Use of Antibiotics. Antibiotics are usually prescribed by doctors for orbital cellulitis to prevent the eye condition from getting worse.
- Surgery. If the use of antibiotics cannot improve eye health conditions, eye surgery will usually be performed.
That is the cause of orbital cellulitis to watch out for which is caused by a bacterial infection. Several factors can also increase the risk, such as having an injury or having diabetes. If you have a wound that doesn’t get better and shows signs of infection, get your condition checked immediately. The goal is that early treatment can be carried out immediately, so that the risk of complications can be minimized.
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Healthline. Retrieved 2023. What to Know About Orbital Cellulitis.
Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2023. Cellulitis.
MedicalNewsToday. Retrieved 2023. What is orbital cellulitis?