Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms and Affecting Factors

CTS or carpal tunnel syndrome is a disorder that occurs when there is pressure on the median nerve. The median nerve is the nerve that controls the senses of taste and movement in our wrists and hands.

This musculoskeletal disorder is one of the most common disorders experienced by many people. One of the characteristics of CTS is pain and even numbness in the hands and arms.

The cause of CTS is due to compression of the median nerve. The median nerve plays an important role in controlling the sense of taste and movement in our wrist.

The median nerve passes through a structure in our wrist that is shaped like a tunnel, hence the name carpal tunnel.

When compressed, the median nerve ii will shrink and move toward the wrist. Usually, this causes CTS to get worse over time.

Early diagnosis of CTS will greatly help treatment to prevent the condition from getting worse. Usually, for the early symptoms of this syndrome, you should avoid some activities that make your hands move.

Is This Condition Common?

CTS is a condition that is generally felt by workers who deal with computers, cashiers, cleaners, and other jobs that use both hands to perform repetitive movements for a long time.

CTS is often experienced by many people, especially those who type on a computer because they do hand movements repeatedly and for a long time.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Symptoms

After you understand the common causes of CTS, the following are the signs or symptoms that you feel when you get CTS:

  1. Tingling or Numbness

One of the signs you have CTS is tingling or numbness, especially in the fingers or hands. Usually, tingling occurs in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers. But there is no tingling feeling in the little finger.

The sensation you feel is similar to an electric shock and this can spread from your wrists to your arms. These symptoms can occur when you are holding the phone, driving, and even sleeping.

  • Hands So Weak

When you feel the symptoms of CTS, you can feel weak in your hands even to the point of accidentally dropping things. This can happen because of the weakening of the muscles in your fingers.

  • Numb

Numbness and tingling are two different things. If tingling, you feel the sensation of being electrocuted. But numbness means you can’t feel movement or muscles in your wrist.

Usually, numbness is felt in your fingers. It feels like your muscles are weak and it is difficult to hold certain objects.

Then when should you check this condition to the doctor? If these symptoms are often felt and interfere with daily activities, then try to consult your doctor.

Because the doctor will provide an initial diagnosis and treatment so that symptoms can reduce or even disappear.

Common Causes Of CTS

A common cause of CTS is narrowing of the carpal tunnel due to a swollen wrist. The narrowed channel presses on the median nerve and causes symptoms.

Another cause is when you move your hand and wrist repeatedly in the same way. Like writing, using the mouse, and typing.

CTS Risk Factors

Here are some things that can increase the risk factors for CTS:

  • Wrist Injury

If there are fractures or fractures, dislocations as well as arthritis which has the potential to damage the small bones in the wrist can cause compression of the median nerve.

Usually, people who experience Carpal Tunnel Syndrome do start with an unconscious wrist injury. Then it is made worse by repeated movements made by your hands

  • Experienced by Women

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome generally occurs in women, because women have a smaller carpal tunnel than men. Even Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is prone to be experienced by pregnant women due to hormonal changes and fluid buildup.

  • Presence of Nerve Damage

The factor that predisposes a person to develop CTS is due to nerve damage caused by several chronic diseases such as diabetes. Because this disease can potentially damage nerves, especially the median nerve.

  • Inflammation

Inflammation such as rheumatism or other conditions can affect the lining around your wrist. This causes pressure on the median nerve.

  • Drugs

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is usually experienced by people who are taking anastrozole or drugs used to treat breast cancer.

  • Obesity

People with obesity can increase the risk of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

  • Workplace Factors

Workers who are in a work environment with tools that vibrate can make the wrist do repetitive work. This can put pressure on the median nerve and exacerbate nerve damage.

Treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome usually depends on how severe the symptoms are. One of them is the use of splints that can maintain the health of your wrist so as not to bend and support it. In addition, pain relievers are also usually given by doctors to reduce the symptoms experienced.

Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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