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Can Foot and Mouth Disease in Animals Be Transmitted to Humans?


“Mouth and nail disease is a disease that can be transmitted to humans. Consumption of infected animal meat with improper processing can be a way of transmission.”

Can Foot and Mouth Disease in Animals Be Transmitted to Humans?

Halodoc, Jakarta – When consuming animal meat, make sure you process it with optimal maturity. If not, there are several threats of disease that can occur. Be aware of one of the foot and mouth diseases that often affects livestock, such as cows.

Foot and mouth disease is a zoonotic disease that can be transmitted to humans. For that, you should know the various steps to prevent this disease so that you and those closest to you can avoid it. Not only in animals, this disease can also cause death in humans.

Foot and mouth disease or foot and mouth disease is a health disorder caused by a viral infection. This condition is caused by a virus from the Picornaviridae family, the genus Aphthovirus, which has seven serotypes, namely O, A, C, SAT1, SAT2, SAT3, and Asia1.

This disease is a zoonotic disease, meaning that transmission can occur between animals and humans. This condition generally affects livestock, such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, and goats. In addition, other animals, such as deer, camels and pigs are also animals that can transmit this disease to humans. Once the virus enters the body, it has an incubation period of about 14 days.

Methods of Transmission of Foot and Mouth Disease

Then, how is the transmission process? The following processes can lead to the transmission of foot and mouth disease between animals and humans:

1. Direct contact

You can be exposed to this virus from infected animals through saliva, blood, urine, faeces, and other body fluids. For that, make sure to always wash your hands and wear a mask when you are in close proximity to animals that are at risk of transmitting this disease.

2. Touching Objects Exposed to Viruses

Transmission can also occur through contact with objects exposed to the virus. For example, cleaning the cages of infected livestock.

3. Through Contaminated Food

This disease can be transmitted through contaminated food. This is related to the condition of undercooked food or milk that has not gone through the pasteurization process.

4. Through Contaminated Water

Make sure to always consume boiled water. Water contaminated with viruses can cause disease transmission from animals to humans.

How to prevent it

Although transmission to humans is a very common condition, this disease poses a risk to people who work on animal husbandry or captive breeding. But don’t worry, doing healthy habits can be a prevention of this disease.

The most effective prevention to avoid this disease is:

Wash your hands regularly after visiting the farm or touching animals. Make sure you wash your hands using running water and soap to clean your hands optimally.

  • Use Personal Protective Equipment

If you visit an animal farm, you should avoid touching objects or objects in that environment. You can use a mask or appropriate personal protective equipment to prevent transmission of the virus.

  • Process Meat or Milk Properly

Don’t forget to always consume animal meat with optimal maturity level. Also make sure you consume milk that has undergone a pasteurization process to avoid transmitting foot and mouth disease to humans.

That’s a variety of information about foot and mouth disease. Make sure your health condition is always optimal by routinely checking your health condition at the hospital. Come on, find out the location of the nearest hospital using Halodoc. The method downloads application Halodoc through the App Store or Google Play right now.

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Reference:
CDC. Retrieved 2022. Zoonotic Diseases.
Emerging Pathogens Institute. Accessed 2022. Foot and Mouth Disease.
The BMJ. Retrieved 2022. Foot and Mouth Disease: The Human Consequences.



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Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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