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Be vigilant, this is the way of transmission of foot and mouth disease


“Foot and mouth disease generally does not cause death in adult animals, but it can be very lethal in young animals. This disease is caused by a virus that lives in the bones, glands and milk after it enters the animal’s body.”

Be vigilant, this is the way of transmission of foot and mouth disease

Halodoc, Jakarta – Foot and mouth disease or PMK is an infectious disease caused by a virus that mostly attacks livestock. The disease can spread from animal to animal as well as from humans in some situations. Animals with split hooves, such as buffalo, cows, sheep, goats, camels, deer and pigs are noted to be particularly susceptible to FMD.

This disease is generally not fatal in adult animals, but can be very lethal in young animals. Virus Apthae epizootecae Type A is a cause of FMD that is included in the family Picornaviridae and genus Apthovirus. The virus can live in bones, glands and milk after it enters the animal’s body.

Methods of Transmission of Foot and Mouth Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) can be spread from animal to animal and from humans through various means, including artificial insemination and inhalation. However, transmission is most often through natural or artificial mating or inhalation.

Inhalation and direct touching are the two most common modes of transmission. In addition, there are several possible ways of transmitting FMD, such as:

  • Direct contact between animals through exposure to respiratory secretions, colds, or skin flakes from sick animals.
  • Indirect contact through human intermediaries. For example, humans can carry the virus to other animals after caring for sick animals using the same hands or tools.
  • Indirect contact without a human intermediary, such as from contaminated transport cars, equipment, bedding, or cages.
  • Leftover food that has been contaminated with animal products, such as meat and bones from infected animals.
  • The spread of disease through the air or wind.

Symptoms of Mouth and Nail Disease to Watch Out for

Animals with FMD will initially display a different behavior. Animals that were previously healthy will become quieter, appear limp, and prefer to lie down. This virus also causes decreased appetite.

In addition, there are several general symptoms that indicate an animal has FMD, including:

  • Fever up to 41 degrees Celsius accompanied by chills.
  • Decrease in milk production in dairy cows for 2-3 days drastically.
  • Excessive saliva production (hypersalivation).
  • Foamy saliva.
  • Swelling of the submandibular gland.
  • Often shows teeth grinding, mouth rubbing, and leg kicking.
  • Weight loss.
  • Loss of heat control in the body.

Blisters may also appear on the mouth, nipples and between the nails if the animal has had the virus for a long time. This virus can also cause sore and loose nails.

Although it is rarely transmitted to humans, it never hurts to be careful. Animal health conditions and cage cleanliness must always be considered, especially for livestock owners.

That is an explanation of how foot and mouth disease is transmitted in livestock. If you need a medical examination, try to consult a doctor. You can visit the selected hospital through the application Halodoc. What are you waiting for, come on now downloads Halodoc right now!

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Reference:
Agriculture Victoria. Accessed 2022. Foot and Mouth Disease.
UFDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Accessed 2022. Foot and Mouth Disease.



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Dr. Eka

A doctor, wife and mother of three. Spread the world with valid information.

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